The Yellow Vests
Requires Subscription or Fee PDF

Keywords

Yellow Vests
self-representation
self-mediation
struggle
public sphere
iconotext

How to Cite

Martin, Julie, Ariane Bosshard, Jérôme Dupeyrat, and Olivier Huz. 2021. “The Yellow Vests: Representation and Self-Mediation”. Membrana – Journal of Photography, Theory and Visual Culture 6 (1):15–44. https://doi.org/10.47659/mj-v6n1id112.

Abstract

The French social movement known as the Yellow Vests has produced intense visuals around the “accessory” from which it takes its name. Since November 17, 2018, the yellow safety vest has become both a visual sign of collective identification and a medium for textual and iconographic expression. In the article, we address the various forms of representation in which it has been both the vehicle and the object as an emblem of the movement. We examine these representations as carriers of written and visual inscriptions that were not only documented extensively but also helped to shape the image of the movement. Finally, we analyze the yellow high-visibility vest as a motif that proliferated in public spheres, both urban and peripheral, and in the digital realm. Through all these regimes of representation, the Yellow Vests have implemented a series of reactions to the liberal policies that oppress them and have reacted to the discourses fabricated against them by the media, and they have reactivated and challenged the image of the crowd. In this way, the Yellow Vests movement appears as a context for emancipation through their self-representation and self-mediation.

https://doi.org/10.47659/mj-v6n1id112
Requires Subscription or Fee PDF

References

Barrows, Susanna. 1981. Distorting Mirrors: Visions of the Crowd in Late Nineteenth-century France. New Haven: Yale University Press.

Boidy, Maxime. 2016. “Le black bloc, terrain visuel du global: Éléments pour une iconologie politique de l’altermondialisme.” Terrains/Théories, no.5. https://doi.org/10.4000/teth.834.

Boidy, Maxime. 2017. “Luttes de représentation, luttes de visibilité. Notes sur l’iconographie et l’iconologie politiques des dominé(e)s.” Hybrid, no.4. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01975890/document.

Butler, Judith. 2015. Notes Toward a Performative Theory of Assembly. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

Collectif. 2020. Plein le dos, 365 Gilets jaunes, novembre 2018 – octobre 2019. Le Mas d’Azil : Les éditions du bout de la ville.

De Certeau, Michel. 1997. The Capture of Speech and Other Political Writings. Minneapolis: The University of Minnesota Press.

Disclose, and Forensic Architecture. 2020. “Mort de Zineb Redouane: les preuves qui accusent la police.” November 30, 2020. https://disclose.ngo/fr/article/mort-de-zineb-redouane-les-preuves-dune-bavure.

Farbiaz, Patrick. 2019. Les Gilets Jaunes. Documents et textes. Vulaines sur Seine: Éditions du Croquant.

Fillieule, Olivier, and Fabien Jobard. 2016. “L’Obsolescence du maintien de l’ordre à la française.” Hals Archives. https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-01422906/document.

Foucault, Michel. 1975. Surveiller et punir. Paris: Gallimard.

Fraenkel, Béatrice. 1994. “Les écritures exposées.” Linx 31: 99–110.

French Penal Code. “Article 222-14-2.” In Partie législative (Articles 111-1 à 727-3) Livre II: Des crimes et délits contre les personnes (Articles 211-1 à 227-33). https://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/codes/section_lc/LEGITEXT000006070719/LEGISCTA000006117597/#LEGISCTA000006117597.

Jeanpierre, Laurent. 2019. In Girum. Les leçons politiques des ronds-points. Paris: La Découverte.

Laugier, Sandra and Albert Ogien. 2019. “Samedi, j’ai insurrection: neuf leçons à tirer d’un mouvement intermittent." AOC Cahier 1: 59–67.

Le Bon, Gustave. 1895. Psychologie des foules. Paris: Alcan.

Le Meur, Mikaëla, and Duperrex Matthieu, eds. 2020. Techniques et cultures no. 2 – Semer le trouble. Soulèvements, subversions, refuges.

Noiriel, Gérard. 2019. Les Gilets jaunes à la lumière de l’histoire. Paris: Le Monde / Éditions de L’Aube.

Sebbah, Brigitte, Lucie Loubère, Natacha Souillard, Laurent Thiong-Kay, and Nikos Smyrnaios. 2019. “Les Gilets jaunes se font une place dans les médias et l’agenda politique.” Rapport de recherche - 07 décembre 2018. University of Toulouse: Laboratoire d’Études et de Recherches Appliquées en Sciences Sociales. October 25, 2019. https://www.lerass.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/01/Rapport-GJlerass.pdf.

© Membrana Institute and the author(s). All rights reserved.