Magical Thinking


digital image
magic of photography

How to Cite

Batchen, Geoffrey, and Witold Kanicki. 2020. “Magical Thinking: Conversation With Geoffrey Batchen”. Membrana – Journal of Photography, Theory and Visual Culture 8 (1):4–9.


His long-standing interest in the history of early photography makes Geoffrey Batchen the appropriate speaker to discuss the question of photographic magic. Therefore, our conversation oscillates between magic and realism, but also other antonyms within the medium: negative and positive, analogue and digital. Taking in consideration all these oppositional notions, Batchen suggests that theoreticians “need to acknowledge and embrace photography’s abstractions and contradictions”. Different contradictions within photography’s theory and history became pivotal in our conversation. We also discussed the indexicality of digital images. According to Batchen, the negative/positive system of traditional photography can be compared with the binary code of digital images, which “is therefore based on the same oppositional logic, the same interplay of one and its other, that generated the analogue photograph.” Moreover, digitality does not eliminate the magic character of the contemporary photographs; in this context, Batchen mentions the capacity of instant transmission of snapshots from one place of Earth to another. In conclusion, Batchen reveals some details of his upcoming book Negative/Positive: A History of Photography.


Barthes, Roland. 1981. Camera Lucida. Translated by Richard Howard. New York: Hill and Wang.

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